Cross-system Integration of an
IoT-based Industry 4.0 has become a hot topic in the manufacturing world in the last few years and will probably continue to
lead industrial trends for the foreseeable future, bringing bounteous new business opportunities for equipment builders and
system integrators as they help to revamp traditional factories into Industry 4.0 manufacturing environments. The principle
Industry 4.0 concept is connecting machines, work pieces, and systems to a network, allowing them to communicate with each
other to become an intelligent system where individual units can influence each other automatically to maximize throughput and
quality. A factory that practices Industry 4.0 is called an iFactory.